Measurement of Eye Movements
CHRONOS VISION draws from over 25 years of experience in the measurement of eye movements, gathered in cooperation with numerous scientists and engineers in Europe, USA and Asia. In his role as head of the Vestibular Research Lab at the Free University and the Charité Medical School in Berlin our CEO Prof. Clarke has been instrumental in the development of videooculography and its application in a number of scientific areas.
These include the clinical diagnosis of balance disorders and brain disease,
and the examination of spatial orientation on board the Russian MIR station and the International Space Station.
The eye movement measurement systems from CHRONOS VISION include videooculography, electrooculography and scleral search coils.
An important aspect of the ophthalmologists’ work is the examination and therapy of eye movements.
For the comprehensive examination of eye movement and eye movement control the three-dimensionality of the
ocular muscle apparatus must be taken into consideration. For this purpose, the
Chronos Eye Tracker (C-ETD) hat sich für diese Zwecke in zahlreichen Untersuchungen
The use of refractive surgery (e.g. Lasik operation) for the correction of vision demands precise realtime measurement of eye position. Accordingly, throughout each laser operation the position of the operated eye is measured by a videooculographic eye tracker and relayed to the laser guidance control. Thus, the laser firing pattern is compensated for any changes in eye position.
For this purpose CHRONOS VISION operates as an OEM, currently delivering the OneK+ Eye Tracker with a measurement rate of 1000 + Hz and equally critical, an extremely short latency (< 1 ms) for this realtime task.
CHRONOS VISION has also developed additional software solutions for robust and precise eye tracking, including gaze/vertical and horizontal eye rotation, z-distance and eye torsion. These algorithms are integrated into the DeyeRECTOR ® concept.
It has been maintained that the eyes reflect the soul. In this sense the examination of eye movements often provides useful
information in the diagnosis of numerous diseases of the brain and the nervous system.
Since its founding in 1998 CHRONOS VISION has cooperated closely with the Vestibular Research Lab at the Charité Medical School Berlin. Prof. Clarke, as head of the research lab, has worked with neurologists, ophthalmologists and psychologists for over 25 years and participated in a wide variety of research and clinical studies involving eye movements.
The design and functionality of our medical devices reflect the experience and knowledge gained in this scientific work.
CHRONOS VISION manufactures and distributes medical devices and systems for the measurement and analysis of eye movements, which are certified according to the European Medical Device Directive (CE-MDD). These provide the clinician with an objective basis for the differential diagnosis of many neurological disorders.
Our activities in this field include:
- Development of algorithms for precise measurement of three-dimensional eye movements
- Novel techniques for the measurement of eye and head movements
- Software packages for the clinical testing of the vestibular and oculomotor systems
- Manufacture of CE-MDD certified Scleral Search Coils (SSC) for the precise measurement of two- and three dimensional eye movements.
For the specific requirements of clinical labs for vestibular and oculomotor testing CHRONOS VISION has carried out pilot developments for OEM customers, e.g.:
- DC electrooculography preamplifier as backup solution for those cases where VOG is not feasible (e.g. with patients with strong corrective spectacles).
Compact, head mounted device for the measurement of the Subjective Visual Vertical (SVV). This test currently represents
an important aspect of vestibular diagnostic examination. For further information about the Subjective Visual Vertical we recommend the following clinical study:
Schönfeld U., Clarke A. H. – 2011: A Clinical Study of the Subjective Visual Vertical during Unilateral Centrifugation and Static Tilt ; Acta Otolaryngol 131(10):1040-50
Deployment in Clinical and Research Labs
Measurement of eye movements plays an important role in the research of spatial orientation, balance and sensory motor coordination.
In addition, eye trackers are widely used in numerous psychological studies, in particular in the area of human factors.
The eye trackers manufactured by CHRONOS VISION are in use worldwide in clinical and research institutes and have been deployed on the International Space Station and in the research labs of the Russian and US American space agencies.
Further developments include pilot projects:
- High speed eye tracking during functional MRI
- Wireless VOG for bedside examination and sport activities
- Eye and head coordination studies in animals